Showing 276 results



  • C0114
  • Corporate body
  • 1964-1997

Militant, commonly called the Militant tendency, was a Trotskyist entryist group in the British Labour Party, based around the Militant newspaper launched in 1964. According to Michael Crick, its politics were influenced by Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, and Leon Trotsky and "virtually nobody else".

In 1975, there was widespread press coverage of a Labour Party report into the entryist tactics of Militant. Between 1975 and 1980, attempts by Reg Underhill and others in the leadership of the Labour Party to expel Militant were rejected by its National Executive Committee, which appointed a Militant member to the position of National Youth Organiser in 1976 after Militant had won control of the party's youth section, the Labour Party Young Socialists.

In 1982, after the Liverpool Labour Party adopted Militant's strategy to set an illegal deficit budget, a Labour Party commission found Militant in contravention of clause II, section 3 of the party's constitution which made political groups with their own "Programme, Principles and Policy for separate and distinctive propaganda" ineligible for affiliation. Militant was proscribed by the Labour Party's National Executive Committee in December 1982, and the following year five members of the Editorial Board of the Militant newspaper were expelled from the Labour Party. At this point, the group claimed to have 4,300 members. Further expulsions of Militant activists followed. Militant policies dominated Liverpool City Council between 1983 and 1987 and the council organised mass opposition to government cuts to the rate support grant. 47 councillors were banned and surcharged. The conduct of the Liverpool council led Neil Kinnock, Labour's then leader, to denounce Militant at the 1985 Party Conference. Eventually Militant's two remaining Labour MPs were prevented from being Labour candidates at the 1992 general election.

Between 1989 and 1991, Militant led the All-Britain Anti-Poll Tax Federation's non-payment campaign against the Community Charge ("poll tax"). In 1991, Militant decided by a large majority to abandon entryism in the Labour Party. Ted Grant, once the group's most important member, was expelled, and his breakaway minority, now known as Socialist Appeal, continued with the entryist strategy. The majority changed its name to Militant Labour, and then in 1997 to the Socialist Party.

Minty | Abdul | b.1933 | Anti-apartheid activist

  • P0059
  • Person
  • b.1933

On 31 October 1933, Abdul Samad Minty was born in Hartebeesfontein, Northern Transvaal (now known as Limpopo Province). In June 1958 he left for Britain to further his studies. In 1969, eleven years later, he graduated with an MSc in Economics and International Relations at the University College in London. While Minty was abroad he worked for the International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa. Between 1962 and 1995 he was the Honorary Secretary of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement. Minty played an important role in lobbying the International Olympic Committee in 1963 for the suspension of the South African Olympic Committee from the Olympics. In 1969 he published his study on the defence strategy of the apartheid government in South Africa. His publication helped the Anti-Apartheid Movement to develop a campaign for termination of the Simonstown Agreement between South Africa and Britain on the defence of the seas around Southern Africa.

After the fall of apartheid in 1994, Minty was appointed as the Deputy Director-General for Multilateral Affairs in the Department of Foreign Affairs, a position he held till 2004. He also oversaw South Africa's new membership of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and the Commonwealth. On 12 September 2008 South Africa nominated Minty for the post of Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and his nomination was endorsed by the African Union. Minty also served as a member of Troika Group until May 2009.

Mompati |Ruth | 1925-2015 | politician

  • P0032
  • Person
  • 1925-2015

Mompati was the ANC Chief representative to the UK (1981-82) and became part of the delegation that opened talks with the South African government at Groote Schuur in 1990. In 1994, she was elected a member of parliament in the National Assembly. She was appointed ambassador to Switzerland from 1996 to 2000 and on her return became the mayor of Vryburg (Naledi) in the North-West Province.

She was involved in several key events throughout the SC AAM campaign, she spoke at the Scottish AAM conference in 1983, attended Mandela's Freedom of the Nine Cities Ceremony in 1993 and spoke at a dinner for Scottish delegates to South Africa in 1994.

Msimang|Mendi| fl.1960 - | treasurer-general ANC

  • P0033
  • Person
  • fl. 1960 -

Msimang was the ANC Chief Representative to the UK. He has been treasurer-general to the ANC since 1998. Key SC AAM events that he was involved in included advising on the Sechaba Festival and Conference in 1990 and advising on Mandela's visit to Glasgow in 1993.

Murray, Gillian | Historian

  • P0077
  • Person
  • fl 1990-2019

Gillian Murray graduated with MA (Hons) and MSc from the University of Edinburgh and a PhD from the University of Leicester. She worked on a range of multi-disciplinary research projects with a focus on aspects of twentieth century British history and interests in gender, media and labour history.
In March 2014 Dr Murray started work at the Yunus Centre for Social Business and Health at Glasgow Caledonian University as a post-doctoral researcher on the CommonHealth research programme. Her research traced the origins of social enterprise in Scotland through the revival of the co-operative movement and pioneering community development work carried out as part of community business in Scotland. This research also sought to understand the development of connections between these socially innovative projects and health and wellbeing enhancement. The oral histories collected as part of the CommonHealth project captured the memories of practitioners who were drawn towards work in Community Business (a forerunner of Social Enterprise) and the development of their work in Scotland’s social economy from the late 1970s onwards.
Dr Murray continued her research into the history of social enterprise in Scotland, working on the Social Enterprise Collection (Scotland) project from November 2018 to March 2020 in collaboration with the Archive Centre. Through her involvement with this project further oral histories were collected and a travelling exhibition introduced the history of social enterprise in Scotland.

Naidoo | Indres | 1936-2014 | Anti-Apartheid activist

  • P0034
  • Person
  • 1936-2014

Naidoo was a member of Umkhonto we Sizwe the military wing of the African National Congress. He served ten years on Robben Island after being sentenced in 1963. He visited Glasgow in 1988 to accept a symbolic giant key to 'unlock' Mandela's prison door. This act marked the conclusion of the Glasgow Green Rally which was followed by a march down to London as part of the Freedom at 70 campaign.

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