Showing 276 results

names

The South African National Rugby Team

  • C0093
  • Corporate body
  • 1891-present

Historically the term 'Springbok' was applied to any team or individual representing South Africa in international competition regardless of sporting discipline. This tradition was abandoned with the advent of South Africa's new democratic government in 1994.

Because of South Africa’s Apartheid policy, the Commonwealth members signed the Gleneagles Agreement in 1977, a punitive measure which discouraged the international community to have any sporting contacts with South Africa. From 1990 to 1991 the legal apparatus of apartheid was abolished, and the Springboks were readmitted to international rugby in 1992.

The Friendship Association | Friends of the Springbok

  • C0092
  • Corporate body
  • 1968 - present

The Friendship Associations have had aim to reunite their members here in the UK with their loved ones in South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.

They are a specialists in travel to and within South Africa, Australia and New Zealand, having made the travel arrangements for over half a million people since our inception in 1968.

They are the largest reunion organisation in the world.

Barclays

  • C0095
  • Corporate body
  • 1690-present

Barclays have more than 325 years of history and expertise in banking. They began in Lombard Street, London later launching of the world’s first ATM and innovative mobile phone payments services. They move, lend, invest and protect money for customers and clients worldwide.

During the Apartheid regime there was a 16-year campaign to force Barclays Bank to withdraw from South Africa. The campaign started in 1970 as a result of Barclays' involvement in financing the Cabora Bassa dam in Mozambique. Barclays Bank withdrew from South Africa in 1986.

Haslemere Group

  • C0097
  • Corporate body
  • 1968-c.1977

The Haslemere Group was formed in 1968 to discuss the social and economic crisis facing the developing countries, the failure of the rich industrialized countries such as Britain to recognize their responsibility for the crisis, and the urgent need to draw effective public attention to those issues. Members of the Haslemere Group researched and published information on Barclays Bank's operation in apartheid South Africa. The Haslemere Group researched and published information on the supply of oil to Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) and the role of oil companies including Mobil Oil, Caltex, Shell and British Petroleum (BP). In 1977 the Haslemere Group, Namibian Support Committee, the Anti-Apartheid Movement initiated the Campaign Against Namibian Uranium Contracts.

Coats Group

  • C0098
  • Corporate body
  • 1755-present

Established in 1755 the Coats Group can trace its roots back nearly 250 years. They're the world’s largest supplier of crafting products – from the innovative cotton sewing threads that made their name, to knitting, embroidery crochet, fabrics and accessories. Originally trading as Coats they merged a number of times, most notably in the 1960s with Patons and Baldwins, new company named Coats Paton and in the 1980s with Vantona Viyella, company name changed to Coats Viyella.

Coats Paton faced some criticism during the 1980s concerning its overseas investment, particularly in Apartheid South Africa.

Rio Tinto

  • C0099
  • Corporate body
  • 1873-present

Rio Tinto is a leading global mining and metals company.

During the time of the apartheid regime there was huge controversy due to the treatment of black workers at Rio Tinto's huge Rössing uranium mine in Namibia. The company continued to operate the mine during the apartheid era in defiance of United Nations decrees— the workers were forced to live in a squalid tent camps and were paid wages that barely allowed subsistence.

South African Non-Racial Olympic Committee

  • C0100
  • Corporate body
  • 1962-1990s

The South African Non-Racial Olympic Committee (SAN-ROC) was formed in South Africa in 1962. One of SAN-ROC's founders, Dennis Brutus, was arrested and jailed, placed under house arrest, and banned from all literary, academic and political activities. Brutus went into exile in 1966. In 1966 SAN-ROC began operating in exile in London and led campaigns to isolate South Africa on the sports field. In 1970 Brutus moved to the United States and SAN-ROC was then based in the United States and the United Kingdom. Sam Ramsamy (based in London) was Chairman from 1976-1990. Dennis Brutus was President (based in the United). SAN-ROC led the international sports boycott of apartheid South Africa.

The Campaign Against the Namibian Uranium Contract

  • C0101
  • Corporate body
  • Established 1977

The Campaign Against the Namibian Uranium Contract (CANUC) was set up in 1977 by the Anti-Apartheid Movement, the Haslemere Group and the Namibia Support Committee.

In the 1970s and 1980s Britain imported uranium from Rio Tinto Zinc's Rossing mine in Namibia in contravention of UN resolutions that said the country's natural resources should only be sold with the consent of the UN Council for Namibia. The uranium was imported under contracts signed in the late 1960s by the UK Atomic Energy Authority and Rio Tinto Zinc (RTZ).

Consolidated Gold Fields

  • C0102
  • Corporate body
  • 1887-1988

Consolidated Gold Fields was a British gold-mining company. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index but was acquired by Hanson plc in 1988.

Consolidated Gold Fields played a key role in ending apartheid in South Africa; Michael Young, the company's public affairs director embarked on the controversial course of initiating secret discussions between the South African government and the ANC at Mells Park House in the company's estate in Somerset. This ultimately resulted in the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 and the handover of power to majority rule: the events are described in book The Fall of Apartheid by Robert Harvey and the 2009 television film "Endgame".

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