Showing 79 results

names
Person

Tambo, Oliver | 1917-1993 | politician

  • P0045
  • Person
  • 1917-1993

Tambo was President of the ANC. He visited Glasgow to greet marchers from the Glasgow City Chambers balcony during the march from Glasgow to London held as part of the Freedom at 70 campaign in 1988.

Thatcher|Margaret| 1925-2013 |Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

  • P0061
  • Person
  • 1925-2013

Born on October 13, 1925, in Grantham, England, Margaret Thatcher became Britain's Conservative Party leader and in 1979 was elected prime minister, the first woman to hold the position. During her three terms, she cut social welfare programs, reduced trade union power and privatized certain industries. She also opposed international calls to introduce sanctions against the apartheid regime in South Africa and fought a bitter battle with campaigners in Britain. Thatcher resigned in 1991 due to unpopular policy and power struggles in her party. She died on April 8, 2013, at age 87.

Toivo ja Toivo, Andimba | b. 1924| politician

  • P0046
  • Person
  • b. 1924

Toivo ja Toivo is a Namibian anti-apartheid activist, politician, co founder of South West African People's Organisation (SWAPO) and former political prisoner, held on Robben Island for 16 years, in the same section as Nelson Mandela (1968-1984). Toivo ja Toivo spoke at the Glasgow Green Rally in 1988 which marked the start of the march down to London as part of the Freedom at 70 campaign.

Tutu, Desmond Mpilo | b. 1931 | Archbishop of Cape Town

  • P0052
  • Person
  • b. 1931

In 1978 Desmond Tutu was appointed general secretary of the South African Council of Churches and became a leading spokesperson for the rights of black South Africans. During the 1980s he played an unrivaled role in drawing national and international attention to the iniquities of apartheid, and in 1984 he won the Nobel Prize for Peace for his efforts.

Vorster | John | 1915-1983 | Former President of South Africa

  • P0053
  • Person
  • 1915-1983

John Vorster was born December 13, 1915 in Jamestown, South Africa. in 1966, one week after Verwoerd was assassinated, a National Party caucus chose Vorster as his successor. In 1978 he resigned his post for health reasons and on October 10 became his nation's president, a largely ceremonial position. In November the so-called Muldergate scandal came to a boil. In 1979 he resigned the presidency.

Weaving | Stuart | fl. 1968-present | Businessman

  • P0058
  • Person
  • fl. 1968-present

Stuart Weaving a UK businessman founded the Weaving International Friendship Foundation in 1968. It embraces the Friends of the Springbok and Friends of the Lion and helps reunite families and friends in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and North America.

Webb, Angela | anti-apartheid activist

  • P0048
  • Person

Webb co-managed the South African musician Marah Louw's fundraising tour of the UK in 1994 with Kevin Buchanan. Louw visited the cities which had given Mandela their Freedom, as well as Edinburgh and Liverpool. The tour was a fundraising effort for the ANC's electoral campaign.

de Klerk | Fredrik Willem | b.1936 | Former President of South Africa

  • P0055
  • Person
  • b. 1936

F. W. de Klerk was born in Johannesburg on 18 March 1936. F.W. de Klerk grew up in a political family, with both his father and grandfather serving high office. His father, Jan de Klerk, was a Cabinet Minister and the President of the South African Senate. In this political environment he learned the essential importance of timing. His brother is Dr Willem (Wimpie) de Klerk, a political analyst and one of the founders of the Democratic Party.

After finishing school in Krugersdorp, F.W. de Klerk graduated in 1958 from Potchefstroom University with BA and Ll.B degrees (the latter cum laude). At the same time he was awarded the Abe Bailey scholarship (an all-expenses paid educational tour to the United Kingdom). In 1969 he married Marike Willemse, with whom he had two sons and a daughter.

From 1961-1972 de Klerk practiced as an attorney in Vereeniging. During this time, he played an active part in Nationalist Party politics and in local educational affairs. He was offered the chair of Administrative Law at Potchefstroom University, but declined the position when he was elected Member of Parliament for Vereeniging in November 1972.

In 1975 he became information officer of the Transvaal National Party. He held several ministerial positions in the Cabinet of President P.W. Botha, including Minister of Post and Telecommunications and Sport and Recreation (1978-1979); Mines, Energy and Environmental Planning (1979-1980); Mineral and Energy Affairs (1980-1982); Internal Affairs (1982-1985); and National Education and Planning (1984-1989). In 1982 he became the Transvaal leader of the National Party after Dr Andries Treurnicht quit the party. In 1985 he was appointed chairman of the Ministers’ Council in the House of Assembly and in 1986 he became the House’s leader. When P.W. Botha resigned as leader of the National Party in February 1989, he was succeeded by de Klerk. In September he was elected the new State President. He soon announced his policy of reform: he hoped to create a suitable climate for negotiations which would end apartheid and bring about a new Constitutional dispensation for South Africa, based on the principle of one person, one vote.

In December 1989, de Klerk met with the imprisoned leader of the African National Congress (ANC), Nelson Mandela. On 2 February 1990, de Klerk lifted the ban on the ANC, the South African Communist Party (SACP) and the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC). On 11 February Mandela was released. Negotiations with Mandela and other party leaders were held for the peaceful end of apartheid and transition to democratic rule. In 1993, De Klerk and Mandela were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts at reform in South Africa.

After 1994. After the 1994 elections, De Klerk was appointed the Second Vice President in President Mandela’s cabinet. In 1996 and other National Party members withdrew from their cabinet posts in order to establish the National Party as an effective opposition to the ANC. In 1997 De Klerk retired from politics.

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