Showing 222 results

names

International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa

  • C0062
  • Corporate body
  • 1960-1990

The International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa (IDAF) was an anti-apartheid organization that smuggled £100 million into South Africa for the defense of thousands of political activists and to provide aid for their families while they were in prison.

IDAF grew out of Christian Action (CA), an organization set up by John Collins aimed at relating Christianity to economic, social and political life, and that worked towards reconciliation with Germany and help for the starving people of Europe. In 1948 Collins was appointed Canon of St Paul's Cathedral in London. CA raised money raised money for the families and dependents of those sent to prison during the Defiance Campaign. In 1954 John went to South Africa where he saw apartheid and its effects for himself, and met activists and leaders in the liberation movements. In 1956, when 156 activists were arrested and charged with High Treason, Canon Collins sent £100 to Ambrose Reeves, Bishop of Johannesburg, asking him to brief the best available defense lawyers and pledging CA to raise the funds to pay legal expenses and care for the families of the Treason Trialists. Reeves, foreseeing further repression, suggested widening CA's terms of reference and so the British Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa (as it was originally called) was born. As repression in South Africa increased, Defence and Aid responded to ever more pressing political and legal defense needs.

The organization grew and began to receive international recognition and support, mainly from the Scandinavian countries and the United Nations. Several countries formed aid committees. IDAF went international in 1965, with branches in Britain, New Zealand, Scandinavia, Holland and India. On March 18, 1966, the then Mister of Justice Johannes Vorster banned the South African Defence and Aid Committee as an 'unlawful organization' under the Suppression of Communism Act but IDAF continued to send aid through secret channels. Over a period of 25 years, £100 million was smuggled into South Africa. The organization also had an extensive research and publication operation. Canon Collins died in 1982 and Horst Kleinschmidt was named Director of IDAF that same year, a position he held until the organization closed.

Iona Community

  • C0029
  • Corporate body
  • 1938 - present

The Iona Community was founded in Glasgow and Iona in 1938 by George MacLeod, minister, visionary and prophetic witness for peace, in the context of the poverty and despair of the Depression. From a dockland parish in Govan, Glasgow, he took unemployed skilled craftsmen and young trainee clergy to Iona to rebuild both the monastic quarters of the medieval abbey and the common life by working and living together, sharing skills and effort as well as joys and achievement. That original task became a sign of hopeful rebuilding of community in Scotland and beyond. The experience shaped – and continues to shape – the practice and principles of the Iona Community.

Justice and Peace Scotland

  • C0073
  • Corporate body
  • 1979 - present

The Scottish Catholic Justice and Peace Commission was formed in 1979. It is the Scottish Commission of the Pontifical Council Justitia et Pax.

It functions as the Bishops' advisory body on issues of social justice, international peace and human rights with the responsibility for networking existing newly formed local parish groups.

The constituency of Justice and Peace is over a thousand people out of an active Catholic population in Scotland of about 225,000.

Each of Scotland's eight dioceses is entitled to send an official representative to the National Commission. Also represented are the religious, missionary and secular clergy; youth and ecumenical representatives; and SCIAF – the Scottish Catholic International Aid Fund, their sister agency.

Kelly | Pat | |trade unionist

  • P0018
  • Person

Kelly was an ardent trade unionist, rising to become president of the Scottish Trade Union Congress. He was involved with the work of the SC AAM, sitting on the board of director for Sechaba Festivals Ltd during 1990.

Labour Party

  • C0013
  • Corporate body
  • 1900 - present

The Labour Party emerged in 1900 as a parliamentary pressure group. They established the National Health Service and created and maintained the empowering welfare state. Equally important has been the development of Labour as a mass membership party in the 1920s and 1930s, the modernisation of our campaigning techniques in the 1980s and the election of 101 Labour women MPs in 1997.

Liason Committee of the Anti-Apartheid Movements of the European Community

  • C0079
  • Corporate body
  • 1972-1995

The Liaison Group of Anti-Apartheid Movements in the European Community was formed in 1988 to lobby the European Parliament and Council of Ministers. In April 1995 it reformed as the European Network for Information and Action on Southern Africa to promote partnership between South Africa and the European Union.

Louw |Marah |b.1957 |singer

  • P0019
  • Person
  • b. 1957

Louw is a South African singer and actress. Her singing has taken her all over the world. She sang at the ceremony that presented Nelson Mandela with the Freedom of the Nine Cities in Glasgow, 1993. Later returning to tour the UK in 1994 to raise money for the ANC's election campaign. She went on to sing at Mandela's inauguration and at the Freedom Day Celebrations in 1994.

MacQuarrie| Stuart|b.1953|Anti-Apartheid activist

  • P0021
  • Person
  • b. 1953

MacQuarrie was a Labour Councillor who represented Glasgow City Council during the organisation of Mandela's visit to Glasgow in 1993 and was instrumental in the renaming of St George's Place to Nelson Mandela Place in 1986.

MacQuarrie has been Chaplin to Glasgow University since 2001.

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