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Industrial co-operatives related articles, reports and publications

This sub-series consists of 2 files:

  • Industrial co-operatives related articles, reports and publications, 1973-1979
  • Scottish Co-operative Development Committee (SCDC) course articles, c1994

An industrial co-operative is an enterprise owned and controlled by the people who work in it. The members of the co-operative decide between themselves in a democratic way what to do and how to organise the work.

Commonwealth Association for Local Action and Economic Development (COMMACT) papers

This sub-series consists of 5 files:

  • Constitution, general assembly and miscellaneous papers of COMMACT, 1988-1999
  • Third Working for Common Wealth Conference presentations, Malaysia, April 1992
  • European COMMACT conferences and symposium, 1992-1993
  • Fourth Working for Common Wealth Conference presentations, Northern Ireland, September 1996
  • Conference, general assembly and work programme papers of COMMACT, 1996-2005

COMMACT (Commonwealth Association for Local Action and Economic Development) was established in 1990 by practitioners of local development organisations, alternative trading organisations and related institutions as a forum for exchange of experience and promote activity in the area of social and economic development at local level. The registered business address was Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and membership was open to individuals and organisations in the field of people-centred development.

Industrial Common Ownership initiatives (ICOM and ICOF) and Scottish Co-operative Development Committee (SCDC) operational papers

This sub-series consists of 9 files:

  • ICOM, ICOF and SCDC operational papers, November 1976 to March 1977
  • ICOM, ICOF and SCDC operational papers, March 1977 to October 1977
  • ICOM, ICOF and SCDC operational papers, October 1977 to June 1978
  • ICOM, ICOF and SCDC operational papers, May 1978 to September 1978
  • ICOM, ICOF and SCDC operational papers, October 1978 to March 1979
  • ICOM, ICOF and SCDC operational papers, April 1979 to October 1979
  • ICOM, ICOF and SCDC operational papers, November 1979- November 1980
  • ICOM, ICOF and SCDC operational papers, November 1980- December 1981
  • ICOM, ICOF and SCDC operational papers, January 1982- May 1988

These papers include agendas and minutes, reports and correspondence relating to the operations of the Industrial Common Ownership Movement (ICOM), Industrial Common Ownership Finance (ICOF), and Scottish Co-operative Development Committee (SCDC).

Industrial Common Ownership Movement (ICOM)
Established in 1971, ICOM promoted co-operative working during a ‘new wave’ of producer co-ops in the 1970s. In 1976 ICOM published a set of Model Rules to enable enterprises to adopt a common ownership legal structure, quickly and inexpensively. There was an amendment of these rules in February 1977 when ICOM was given official recognition as a relevant body within the meaning of Section 1(5) of the ICO Act 1976, providing them with a grant of £20,000 per year for 5 years, to assist in providing advice about all aspects of the setting up of common ownership and co-operative enterprises. The ICOM model rules were simple enough for enterprises to follow without having to employ a lawyer to write a constitution or interpret legal jargon. It merged with the Co-operative Union in 2001 to form Co-operatives UK.

Industrial Common Ownership Finance (ICOF)
ICOF was established by ICOM in 1973 to be a revolving loan fund. It was formed as a company limited by guarantee and without shares; it was administered by Trustees who were appointed by the Members. Members were people who expressed an interest in the financing of common ownership enterprise and had been accepted by the Council of ICOM and by the ICOF Trustees. From 1976 people from the Co-operative movement and the Trade Union movement were invited to join the Trustees. In January 1977 ICOF was formally recognised by the Secretary of State for Industry as a ‘relevant body’ with access to the loan fund of £250,000 provided under section 1(2) of the Industrial Common Ownership Act 1976 to encourage the creation and development of common ownership enterprise and industrial co-operatives. This source of funding lasted until 1981; no further funds were made available from national Government. Successful common ownership enterprises and sympathetic individuals also provided funds to ICOF. From 1981 the bank of England informed ICOF that it was illegal for them to receive deposits for on-lending as they were not licenced as a deposit-taking institution. Seeking alternative means of generating funds they began to work with local authorities (West Midlands County Council, Grater London Council). Since 2005 ICOF has traded as Co-operative and Community Finance.

Scottish Co-operative Development Committee (SCDC)
SCDC was formed in February 1977. In June 1977 it was recognised by Government as an official advisory agency for co-operatives under the Industrial Common Ownership Act 1976. It received funds from Industrial Common Ownership Finance, the ‘designated body’ under the Act. The SCDC was set up to encourage the growth of workers’ co-operatives in Scotland and to promote the growth of a co-operative sector in the economy. Its objectives were to foster the growth of workers’ co-operative enterprises in Scotland in the belief that for workers to own, to control and to shape the organisations in which they work is:
a) a means by which they can more certainly exert an influence over their economic situation, replacing exploitation and conflict by co-operation
b) an extension of the democratic process, by making industry accountable to its workers and sensitive to the wider community
c) a means by which workers can grow as persons, developing their own abilities for the common good.
The organisation now operates as the Co-operative Development Agency

Record books of marks and results

This sub-series consists of 12 files:

  • Certificate courses marks, 1913-1944
  • Group I, II and III Domestic Science diploma record books, 1921-1970
  • Domestic Science and Home Economics diploma courses record books, 1969-1984
  • Dietetics diploma courses record books, 1928-1982
  • Institutional Management, Household and Catering Management certificate and diploma courses record books, 1946-1971
  • Home Economics for Industry and Commerce course record book, 1959-1963
  • Consumer and Marketing Studies courses record book, 1980-1990
  • Dietetics degree and Orthoptics diploma courses record books, 1976-1990
  • Home Economics degree course record book, 1982-1990
  • Hotel and Catering Management and Catering and Accommodation Management degree courses and HCIMA certificate courses record books, 1979-1990
  • Social Work diploma courses and Hotel Catering and Institutional Management Association certificate course record books, 1975-1990
  • Allied Health Profession courses record books, 1975-1990

Class results and examiners reports

This sub-series consists of 19 files:

  • Hygiene class results, 1909-1956
  • General Methods class results, 1912-1954
  • Group I Class Teaching results, 1908-1945
  • Dietitians results and examiners reports, 1930-1949
  • Institutional Management results, 1935-1948
  • Institutional and Institutional Catering results, 1934-1954
  • Cook's Certificate and Institutional Catering results, 1952-1962
  • Institutional Management Association certificate examination results and examiners report, 1947-1964
  • Household Management and Housekeeper-Matron’s course results, 1951-1958
  • National Council for Domestic Studies Housecraft certificate examination results, 1948-1961
  • Needlecraft subject results, 1955-1963
  • Advanced Cookery results and examiners reports, 1963-1964
  • Demonstrators course results, 1951-1962
  • Household and Catering Management second year results, 1962-1968
  • Domestic Science, 3 and 4 year diploma course and Home Economics diploma marks sheets, 1970-1982
  • Dietetics diploma course marks sheets, 1970-1978
  • Social Work : student rolls correspondence and CCETSW results forms, 1975-1986
  • Hotel Catering and Institutional Management Association (HCIMA) results of final assessments, 1977-1979
  • Scottish Business Education Council SHND in Consumer and Business Studies, first and second year examination results, 1981-1982

Matriculation and fees books

This sub-series consists of 17 files:

  • Housewives, Housekeepers, Household Management, and Upholstery certificate courses : fees books, 1919-1951
  • Household Management, Housekeeper-Matron’s, Housewife’s and Demonstrator’s certificate courses : fees books, 1951-1965
  • Cook’s, Advanced Cookery, Institutional Training, Institutional Management, Institutional Cooks, and Infirmary certificate courses : fees books, 1919-1953
  • Cook’s certificate 1st and 2nd courses, City and Guilds Cookery 151 courses : fees books, 1953-1963
  • Group I diploma, High Class Cookery, conversion courses, and Social Work courses : fees books, 1932-1964
  • Group II diploma and Needlework endorsement courses : fees books, 1919-1976
  • Group III diploma courses : fees books, 1933-1969
  • Group I diploma, additional training for diploma students, and Social Work, Institutional Management and other related courses : fees books, 1944-1978
  • Needlecraft, Dressmaking, and Laundrywork certificate courses : fees books, 1936-1954
  • Dietetics, Sister Tutors, Preparatory Nurses and Nutrition certificate and diploma courses : fees books,1925-1980
  • Home Economics for Industry and Commerce courses : fees books, 1959-1964
  • Domestic Science (teaching) diploma course : fees books, 1967-1974
  • Home Economics diploma courses ; fees books, 1973-1980
  • Household and Catering Management, Institutional Catering and related certificate, diploma and postgraduate courses : fees books, 1956-1966
  • Institutional Management diploma and Social Work courses : fees and matriculation books, 1946-1979
  • Physiotherapy courses : matriculation books, 1975-1979
  • All courses: matriculation books, 1980-1981
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