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'Community business 1986 directory'

The Community Business Scotland, 'Community business 1986 directory' lists the activities of over 80 trading community businesses which had become established in Scotland. It includes an overview of community business setting the context, its contribution to community economic development, support for and appraisal of community business and listing of community businesses by region.

'The first ten years'

Community Business Scotland and the Association of Community Enterprises in the Highlands and Islands, 'The first ten years: a decade of community enterprise in Scotland', October 1987. This publication covers the development of the community enterprise movement in Scotland between 1977-1987, looking at lessons learned, key issues and development for the future. Containing foreword by Glen Buchanan and 16 articles written by leaders in the field: Linda Echlin; John Pearce; Willy Roe; Ronald Young; Roy Pedersen; Carola Bell; John Rugman; John Harrison; Iain Clark; Helen Macneil; Colin Roxburgh; George Burt; Pat Cassidy; Keith Hayton; Sir Kenneth Alexander; and Tor Justad.

'Community business in Scotland: an alternative vision of 'enterprise culture', 1979-97'

Murray, G, 2018, 'Community business in Scotland: an alternative vision of 'enterprise culture', 1979-97' Twentieth Century British History. 10.1093/tcbh/hwy007

This paper was an outcome of the CommonHealth research project. It provides a history of an alternative vision for enterprise culture by examining the community business movement in Scotland, the largest experiment of its kind in the UK in the 1980s and a forerunner of social enterprise.

Jim Bristow interview audio recording and transcript, recorded April 2016

  • Audio recording of the interview, Jim Bristow.WMA, 1:46:03 hours, 102MB
  • Transcript of the interview, Jim Bristow_Interview.pdf, 23 pages, 278kB

This item is an interview with Jim Bristow recorded by Dr Gillian Murray on 27 April 2016 as part of the CommonHealth history project. It is the oral history of Jim Bristow's involvement in community work and the community enterprise movement from the 1970s to 1990s. Click on the 'Download audio' link next to the icon above or on the URL link in the metadata section below. This will take you to the Glasgow Caledonian University edShare page where the items can be previewed and downloaded.

Jim Bristow worked evenings at an Inverclyde youth club in the 1970s before being drawn towards the community work full time. His first job in this area was as an adventure playground development worker for Greenock Corporation, later being promoted to Community Centre Manager. He trained as a social worker in the early 1980s and began to look at the community enterprise movement. In 1987 he took up a post as Employment Development Worker for Greenock Employment Action Group and has remained with that organisation, which became Inverclyde Community Development Trust in 1996.

Susan McGinlay interview audio recording and transcript, recorded May 2016

  • Audio recording of the interview, Susan McGinlay.WMA, 1:07:11 hours, 64MB
  • Transcript of the interview, Susan.pdf, 17 pages, 271KB

This item is an interview with Susan McGinlay recorded by Dr Gillian Murray on 11 May 2016 as part of the CommonHealth history project. It is the oral history of Susan McGinlay's involvement in community work and community business from the early 1980s to 2010s. Click on the 'Download audio' link next to the icon above or on the URL link in the metadata section below. This will take you to the Glasgow Caledonian University edShare page where the items can be previewed and downloaded.

Susan McGinlay had been an active member of her community organising play schemes for children. She got involved in the community business movement in the mid 1980s, setting up an industrial cleaning company, Kleencare, with 4 other women in 1985. It became one of the longest running businesses within Possil Community Business Ltd. In 1987 she became the first commercial manager of Possil Community Business Ltd and remained an active board member of the Allander Group.

Colin Roxburgh interview audio recording and transcript, recorded December 2015

  • Audio recording of the interview, Colin Roxburgh.WMA, 1:06:17 hours, 63MB
  • Transcript of the interview, Colin Roxburgh_Interview Transcript.pdf, 18 pages, 254KB

This item is an interview with Colin Roxburgh recorded by Dr Gillian Murray on1 December 2015 as part of the CommonHealth history project. It is the oral history of Colin Roxburgh's involvement in community development and the community enterprise movement from the 1980s to 2010s. Click on the 'Download audio' link next to the icon above or on the URL link in the metadata section below. This will take you to the Glasgow Caledonian University edShare page where the items can be previewed and downloaded.

Colin Roxburgh has a background in community development and worked on some of the early community business projects in the Strathclyde Region in the early 1980s, such as the Local Area Advisory Project (LEAP) and later Strathclyde Community Business (SCB). He left SCB in 1989 and then worked as a freelance community consultant in Scotland, Ireland, New Zealand and Canada.

Alan Tuffs interview audio recording and transcript, recorded February 2016

  • Audio recording of the interview, Alan Tuffs.mp3, 1:35:36 hours, 128MB
  • Transcript of the interview, Alan Tuffs_Online Transcript.pdf, 25 pages, 662kB

This item is an interview with Alan Tuffs recorded by Dr Gillian Murray in February 2016 as part of the CommonHealth history project. It is the oral history of Alan Tuff's involvement in setting up and running community enterprises in Scotland from the 1980s to 2010s and his reflections on the sector changes over time. Click on the 'Download audio' link next to the icon above or on the URL link in the metadata section below. This will take you to the Glasgow Caledonian University edShare page where the items can be previewed and downloaded.

Alan Tuffs trained as an architect. He moved from London to West Lothian with his family in the early 1980s. Inspired by a similar initiative in Govan, Glasgow, in 1983 he began work with John Pearce on what would become West Calder Workspace, which opened in 1985. By 1987 West Calder Community Holdings included a workspace, and Employment Opportunities Trust and West Calder Community Enterprises. Alan went on to work in community planning for Rural Forum and the Corrum Trust before starting Small Town and Rural Development Group with friend Colin Roxburgh in 1998, developing the Community Futures Project. Alan retired in 2013.

Alan Kay interview audio recording and transcript, recorded November 2014

  • Audio recording of the interview, Alan Kay.mp3, 2:26:08 hours, 81MB
  • Transcript of the interview, Alan Kay_Approved Transcript.pdf, 34 pages, 476kB

This item is an interview with Alan Kay recorded by Dr Gillian Murray in November 2014 as part of the CommonHealth history project. It is the oral history of Alan Kay's involvement in the social enterprise movement in Scotland from the late 1980s to mid 2010s. It includes his reflections on the sector and his work with John Pearce and others for Community Business Scotland, Community Enterprise Lothian, and latterly through freelance work. Click on the 'Download audio' link next to the icon above or on the URL link in the metadata section below. This will take you to the Glasgow Caledonian University edShare page where the items can be previewed and downloaded.

Alan’s background is in overseas development and he lived and worked in East Africa and South-east Asia before returning to Scotland in 1988. He joined forces with John Pearce, and worked with community-owned enterprises and social enterprises, firstly for Community Business Scotland as a researcher and then in 1991 for Community Enterprise Lothian, initially as a Training Officer. He moved to Indonesia to work with VSO as their Country Director from 1994 until 1997. On returning to Edinburgh he carried out numerous commissions for a wide range of clients in the statutory, charitable, public and third sector in the UK and abroad. He helped to found the Social Audit Network and continued for many years as an active Board member, acting as its Chair at one stage. In 2009 he became an Associate Lecturer at Glasgow Caledonian University (GCU) and assisted in the establishment of a Diploma and MSc in Social Enterprise. He then went on to become a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Yunus Centre for Social Business and Health at GCU where he advised on the 5-year CommonHealth research project. He was an active tutor with the Social Enterprise Academy for over 10 years and specialised in ‘social impact’ measures, working abroad for them on several occasions. He was also is on the board of the Community Development Journal for over 20 years, much of that time as the CDJ Treasurer. Alan was a long-standing Member of the
Institute for Economic Development. Alan retired in 2018.

Tor Justad interview audio recording and transcript, recorded February 2015

  • Audio recording of the interview, Tor Justad_Track 1.WMA, 1:26:40 hours, 83MB
  • Transcript of the interview, Tor Justad_Approved Transcript.pdf, 19 pages, 482kB

This item is an interview with Tor Justad recorded by Dr Gillian Murray in February 2015 as part of the CommonHealth history project. It is the oral history of Tor Justad's involvement in the social enterprise movement in Scotland from 1978 to 2011, including his work with community co-operatives and community businesses in Shetland and Central Region; social auditing; and international projects. Click on the 'Download audio' link next to the icon above or on the URL link in the metadata section below. This will take you to the Glasgow Caledonian University edShare page where the items can be previewed and downloaded.

Tor Justad trained as a community worker and between 1978-1987 worked with community groups in Shetland. In 1987 he moved to the Scottish mainland, and based in Stirling, managed CESU, Community Enterprise Support Unit (Central Region) Ltd. In 1994 he began working freelance as a Social Economy Adviser trading as Tor Justad Associates, with contracts in the UK, Sweden, Ireland and other countries. He returned to the Scottish Highlands and between 2000-2011, was employed as a Co-operative and Membership Officer with the Co-operative Group covering the Highlands and Islands.

'Historical perspective on social enterprise as a public health initiative'

-Murray, G, 2018, 'Historical perspective on social enterprise as a public health initiative', CommonHealth briefing paper series: paper number 5, 405KB

This briefing paper reflects on the emerging findings of Project 1; ‘the history project’. The broad aims of the project have been, firstly, to chart the history of Social Enterprise in Scotland from the late 1970s, through the turbulent 1990s, to the type of social enterprise that we recognise in the 21st century. Secondly, the project has also considered the long history of connections between social enterprise, health and wellbeing.

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