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'Community business in Scotland: an alternative vision of 'enterprise culture', 1979-97'

Murray, G, 2018, 'Community business in Scotland: an alternative vision of 'enterprise culture', 1979-97' Twentieth Century British History. 10.1093/tcbh/hwy007

This paper was an outcome of the CommonHealth research project. It provides a history of an alternative vision for enterprise culture by examining the community business movement in Scotland, the largest experiment of its kind in the UK in the 1980s and a forerunner of social enterprise.

Alan Tuffs interview audio recording and transcript, recorded February 2016

  • Audio recording of the interview, Alan Tuffs.mp3, 1:35:36 hours, 128MB
  • Transcript of the interview, Alan Tuffs_Online Transcript.pdf, 25 pages, 662kB

This item is an interview with Alan Tuffs recorded by Dr Gillian Murray in February 2016 as part of the CommonHealth history project. It is the oral history of Alan Tuff's involvement in setting up and running community enterprises in Scotland from the 1980s to 2010s and his reflections on the sector changes over time. Click on the 'Download audio' link next to the icon above or on the URL link in the metadata section below. This will take you to the Glasgow Caledonian University edShare page where the items can be previewed and downloaded.

Alan Tuffs trained as an architect. He moved from London to West Lothian with his family in the early 1980s. Inspired by a similar initiative in Govan, Glasgow, in 1983 he began work with John Pearce on what would become West Calder Workspace, which opened in 1985. By 1987 West Calder Community Holdings included a workspace, and Employment Opportunities Trust and West Calder Community Enterprises. Alan went on to work in community planning for Rural Forum and the Corrum Trust before starting Small Town and Rural Development Group with friend Colin Roxburgh in 1998, developing the Community Futures Project. Alan retired in 2013.

Tor Justad interview audio recording and transcript, recorded February 2015

  • Audio recording of the interview, Tor Justad_Track 1.WMA, 1:26:40 hours, 83MB
  • Transcript of the interview, Tor Justad_Approved Transcript.pdf, 19 pages, 482kB

This item is an interview with Tor Justad recorded by Dr Gillian Murray in February 2015 as part of the CommonHealth history project. It is the oral history of Tor Justad's involvement in the social enterprise movement in Scotland from 1978 to 2011, including his work with community co-operatives and community businesses in Shetland and Central Region; social auditing; and international projects. Click on the 'Download audio' link next to the icon above or on the URL link in the metadata section below. This will take you to the Glasgow Caledonian University edShare page where the items can be previewed and downloaded.

Tor Justad trained as a community worker and between 1978-1987 worked with community groups in Shetland. In 1987 he moved to the Scottish mainland, and based in Stirling, managed CESU, Community Enterprise Support Unit (Central Region) Ltd. In 1994 he began working freelance as a Social Economy Adviser trading as Tor Justad Associates, with contracts in the UK, Sweden, Ireland and other countries. He returned to the Scottish Highlands and between 2000-2011, was employed as a Co-operative and Membership Officer with the Co-operative Group covering the Highlands and Islands.

Pull-up banners for the travelling exhibition

This file contains 3 pull-up banners with stands and 1 digital object:

  • 1 single banner titled 'A history of social enterprise in Scotland' with SECS project artwork by Magic Torch Comics, April 2019
  • 1 banner in 3 sections displaying a social enterprise timeline 1975-1999; images of document from the archives and descriptive text; images of covers of 'Community Business News' and 'New Sector' magazine spanning the 1980s and 1990s, April 2019
  • 1 single banner titled 'A history of social enterprise in Scotland' with text box 'Insert your history here' with contact details for the project and acknowledgements, April 2019
  • Design proof for the banners by Gilmour Graphics, as a pdf digital file, 16 April 2019

Esther Breitenbach interview audio recording and transcript, recorded September 2019

  • Audio recording of the interview, Esther Breitenbach.WMA, 1:08:17 hours, 65MB
  • Transcript of the interview, Esther Breitenbach_Approved Transcript.pdf, 25 pages, 498kB

This item is an interview with Esther Breitenbach recorded by Dr Gillian Murray in September 2019 as part of the Scottish Government funded Future Development of the Social Enterprise Collection (Scotland) project. It is the oral history of Esther Breitenbach's involvement in community education and community enterprise from the 1980s to 1990s. Click on the 'Download audio' link next to the icon above or on the URL link in the metadata section below. This will take you to the Glasgow Caledonian University edShare page where the items can be previewed and downloaded.

Esther Breitenbach worked in adult community education in the 1980s, including an Urban Aid project in Ferrier Sandilands, Aberdeen, between 1981 and 1984; the Central London Social Security Advisers Forum (London); Scottish Education and Action for Development (SEAD), Edinburgh. She returned to Aberdeen in 1989 to work for Community Business Grampian. In 1991 she took an opportunity to combine her community education work with research as part of the Pilton Partnership, Edinburgh. Since 1991 she has undertaken research and teaching in Social Policy at Glasgow and Edinburgh Universities, including secondments from the University of Edinburgh to the Scottish Executive Equality Unit, and to the Women and Equality Unit in the Department of Trade and Industry. Esther was Visiting Professor at the Institute of Governance, Public Policy and Social Research, Queen's University Belfast, from 2003-2005. In 2005 she obtained a PhD from the University of Edinburgh. Since then she has held the positions of Postdoctoral Fellow, Teaching Associate, and Research Fellow in the School of History, Classics and Archeology.

'The first ten years'

Community Business Scotland and the Association of Community Enterprises in the Highlands and Islands, 'The first ten years: a decade of community enterprise in Scotland', October 1987. This publication covers the development of the community enterprise movement in Scotland between 1977-1987, looking at lessons learned, key issues and development for the future. Containing foreword by Glen Buchanan and 16 articles written by leaders in the field: Linda Echlin; John Pearce; Willy Roe; Ronald Young; Roy Pedersen; Carola Bell; John Rugman; John Harrison; Iain Clark; Helen Macneil; Colin Roxburgh; George Burt; Pat Cassidy; Keith Hayton; Sir Kenneth Alexander; and Tor Justad.

‘Real training for real jobs – the 1987 European Social Fund training programmes’

Contents of the 1987 ESF training programme booklet:
-Introduction
-Community business in Strathclyde
-The 1987 programme, detailing the stages of the training programme
-Barlanark Community Enterprises Ltd: A case study (comic strip)
-Statistical summary of the 1987 training programme
-Conclusion: some lessons learned
-Appendix, detailing each training programme with an evaluation of its effectiveness

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