Pearce, John | 1942 - 2011 | social enterprise pioneer

Identity area

Type of entity

Person

Authorized form of name

Pearce, John | 1942 - 2011 | social enterprise pioneer

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Description area

Dates of existence

1942-2011

History

John Pearce was born on 23rd March 1942 in Truro, Cornwall. He studied at Cambridge University and the London School of Economics graduating with a BA (Hons) and a diploma in Social Administration in 1963 and 1965 respectively. Between 1963 and 1971 he worked in community development programmes with several national and international organisations, including Tibetan refugee resettlement project with Nepal Red Cross, and as a field worker with the Young Volunteer Force Foundation in North Devon. Pearce then became the director of one of 12 Community Development Projects, a major national initiative of the Callaghan government, in West Cumbria from 1972-1976. As part of the project he formed a community based housing association; the first industrial co-operative development project in England; successful self-help initiatives with young people and the elderly; research into tourism and into local male unemployment; and the established a local information centre. His experience on this project informed his approach to developing community business upon moving to Scotland when the CDP programme was wound up. From around this time he was involved in the Industrial Common Ownership Movement (ICOM) and chaired its lending committee, ICOF.
John Pearce was appointed to the Local Enterprise Advisory Project (LEAP), based within Paisley College of Technology, in 1978 where he worked with people living in disadvantaged urban housing schemes in the west of Scotland. Pearce pioneered the concept and practice of community business in Scotland and was a founder member of Community Business Scotland (CBS, which later became CBS Network Ltd). He became General Manager of Strathclyde Community Business (SCB) in 1984. SCB was the major development agency for community businesses in the west of Scotland providing information and advice, development support, training and financial assistance. From 1991-2010 he worked as a community enterprise consultant and researcher, continuing to manage development projects, run social accounting training sessions and to write on community enterprise in the UK, Australia, New Zealand and India. He wrote several books including "Social Enterprise in Anytown" published by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in 2003.
John Pearce died on 12 December 2011.

Places

Cornwall, England, United Kingdom (1942-1963)
Cumbria, England, United Kingdom (1972-1978)
West Lothian, Scotland, United Kingdom (1978-2011)

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Functions, occupations and activities

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Internal structures/genealogy

General context

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Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

P0064

Institution identifier

GB 1847

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created by Carole McCallum, 17 August 2017
Revised by Kirsty Menzies, 20 February 2019

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Sources

Social Audit Network, 2011’, ‘John Pearce’ [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.socialauditnetwork.org.uk/john-pearce/ [Accessed 20 February 2019].

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